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Preparing for Summer Heat

Definitions

  • Heat Wave - Period of extreme heat, usually accompanied by high humidity.
     
  • Heat Index - The relative humidity added to the air temperature-how hot it feels
     
  • Heat Cramps - Muscle pains due to exertion-the first sign of heat-related problems
     
  • Heat Exhaustion - A mild form of shock brought on by strenuous activity in the heat.
     
  • Heat Stroke - A life threatening condition occurring when the body's temperature control system shuts down. Brain damage or death can result if the body is not cooled at once.

During a Heat Wave:

  • Stay indoors in air conditioning as much as possible, and in the shade if you go outside.
     
  • If your home is not air conditioned, spend at least two hours daily at an air conditoned mall, library, or other public place.
     
  • Wear sunscreen outside, along with light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible.
     
  • Drink water regularly even if you are not thirsty. Limit alcohol, which speeds dehydration.
     
  • Never leave children or pets in the car.
     
  • Avoid exertion during the hottest part of the day.
     
  • Take a cool shower or bath